SUMMARY: In the current guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council (ERC), tracheal intubation, as an instrument for securing the airway during resuscitation, has become less important for persons not trained in this method. For those persons, different supraglottic airway devices are recommended by the ERC. The present investigation deals with the application of the laryngeal tube disposable (LT-D) during pre-hospital resuscitation by paramedics. [...] CONCLUSION: As an alternative airway device recommended by the ERC in 2005, the LT-D may enable airway control rapidly and effectively. Additionally, by using the LT-D, a reduced "no-flow-time" and a better outcome may be possible.
In 2005 the European Resuscitation Council published new guidelines for advanced life support. One of the issues was to reduce the "no flow time", which is defined as the time without chest compression in the first period of cardiac arrest. In a manikin study, we evaluated whether using the laryngeal tube instead of endotracheal intubation for airway management during cardiac arrest could reduce the "no flow time". [...] CONCLUSION: With regard to the guidelines of the European Resuscitation Council, we are convinced that during cardiac arrest supraglottic airway devices should be used by emergency personnel unfamiliar with endotracheal intubation.
DeDoncker "Cardiologist supports continuous chest compressions", October 2008
“When you stop for four seconds, the blood pressure drops. If you stop for eight seconds, it drops more,” Harner said. “And, when you stop for 12 or 16 seconds, there is no profusion and when there is no profusion it takes almost 15 compressions to build back up so why stop when you can keep going.”It just bothers me when someone's personal opinions like, "I am better than you" and "they are just trying to take intubation away from us", cloud their ability to be a true advocate. I am pretty sure that these individuals don't do any research outside of work and probably very little when they are at work. They want all the responsibility of providing ALS care but they refuse to educate themselves. I try not to get into arguments at work and I attempt to engage in an educated discussion, but this was futile.
INTRODUCTION: In 2003, the King Laryngeal Tube (LT) received FDA approval for US sales. Prehospital systems in urban setting have begun evaluating and adopting the LT for clinical airway management. However, it is not routinely approved by State EMS Boards for use by all prehospital providers. Given the LT's simple design there may be benefit to using this tool for airway management in all levels of prehospital providers. This pilot study reviews cases where the King LT was used in a rural Iowa county EMS system. METHODS: In 2006, the Iowa Department of Public Health / Bureau of EMS approved a 12 month pilot evaluating the King LT by all levels of EMS providers in a rural county EMS system. Following a didactic and competency training session on using the King LT, the providers were instructed to continue airway management per usual protocol but were allowed to use the King LT as a first line airway tool if they felt indicated. Successful placement of airway devices used were determined by colourimetric end-tidal CO2, chest auscultation and rise as well as vital sign and skin colour improvement. Review of the data was approved by the University of Iowa Institution Review Board (IRB). RESULTS: During the 12-month pilot period, the King LT was used in 13 patients with a mean age of 60.7 years (24-81). All patients had cardiopulmonary or traumatic arrest. The King LT was successfully placed on the first attempt in all but one case. The King LT was placed following endotracheal intubation failure in 6/13 (46.1%) cases and in 3/13 (23.1%) of cases of Combitube attempt / failure. CONCLUSIONS: This small pilot project emphasizes the need for additional rapid airway management tools given the demonstrated ETI failures. The authors believe the King LT has significant potential to impact prehospital airway management as a primary airway device or backup to other failed strategies. Further study is necessary to evaluate the LT's efficacy compared to current strategies.